In military history, military science had been used during the period of Industrial Revolution as a general term to refer to all matters of military theory and technology application as a single academic discipline, including that of the deployment and employment of troops in peacetime or in battle.
The Defence (Citizen Military Forces) Act (1943) was federal Australian law passed on 26 January 1943 which extended the area in which the Militia were obliged to serve from Australia and its territories to the South-Western Pacific Zone (SWPZ), a triangle bounded by the equator and the 110th and 159th meridians of longitude, for the duration of the war and up to six months of Australia ceasing to be involved in hostilities.
History of the Act
On 20 October 1939, a decade after the Scullin government abolished universal military training, and some six weeks after Australia had entered World War II, Prime Minister Robert Menzies issued a press statement announcing the reintroduction of compulsory military training with effect from 1 January 1940. The arrangements required unmarried men turning 21 in the call up period to undertake three months training with the Militia. Under the Defence Act (1903), they could not be compelled to serve outside Australia or its territories. For this purpose, a separate, volunteer force, the Second Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was raised for service overseas.
There are four types of defenders: centre-back, sweeper, full-back, and wing-back. The centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations.
A centre-back (also known as a central defender or centre-half) defends in the area directly in front of the goal, and tries to prevent opposing players, particularly centre-forwards, from scoring. Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, tackling, intercepting passes, contesting headers and marking forwards to discourage the opposing team from passing to them.
With the ball, centre-backs are generally expected to make short and simple passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defender's goal.
The struggles can be linked to a wider reckoning on what Putin wants and what can be achieved.“In this war there has been a consistent mismatch between Putin’s political objectives and the military means to attain them,” said Michael Kofman, director ...
Dimorphos, which orbits a larger asteroid Didymos as they hurtle together through space, provides not only a “perfect testing opportunity for a planetary defence experiment, but it is also a completely new environment”, HeraMission Manager Ian Carnelli said ... ever studied.
After looking through more than one hundred papers, my study produced one new possible explanation ... As I showed in a previous study about the human behaviour of weeping, laughter has a strong importance for the physiology of our body ... Humour is often used in a hospital setting to help patients in their healing, as clown therapy studies have shown.
Let's see what we know about this mysterious craft ...Related ... See Also ... ... of an EmDrive technology transfer agreement with Boeing through the use of a State DepartmentTAA and a UK export license that had been authorized by the UK Ministry of Defence. However, since then, Boeing has declared that it is no longer researching this field of study.
Now, despite years of work, the project appears to have stalled, with a defence minister admitting the government ‘cannot determine a realistic timescale’ for when - or if - the grounded scheme will come into service ... The calls follow comments from newly-installed defence minister, Alec Shelbrooke, who cast fresh doubt on the future of Ajax.
... the state had failed to share evidence that could have helped his defence at trial ... The BaltimoreState's Attorney's Office, which studied the case over the past year alongside Syed's latest defence attorney, said on Wednesday that he "deserves a new trial".
The lawsuit threat was issued by solicitors representing Dr ... The biography in the briefing paper states that Boucher is “currently responsible for projects funded by the Department of NationalDefence (DND) to study information operations” and that he holds grants from the multinational pharmaceutical company Merck ... “Wow ... .
NEW DELHI... However, the route for a new pipeline has not been finalized ... Nihar R. Nayak, research fellow at the Manohar ParrikarInstitute for Defence Studies and Analyses (MP-IDSA), said the proposals have been resisted by the opposition, civil society and academics in Nepal on the grounds that the country has set out ambitious climate goals.