In military history, military science had been used during the period of Industrial Revolution as a general term to refer to all matters of military theory and technology application as a single academic discipline, including that of the deployment and employment of troops in peacetime or in battle.
The Defence (Citizen Military Forces) Act (1943) was federal Australian law passed on 26 January 1943 which extended the area in which the Militia were obliged to serve from Australia and its territories to the South-Western Pacific Zone (SWPZ), a triangle bounded by the equator and the 110th and 159th meridians of longitude, for the duration of the war and up to six months of Australia ceasing to be involved in hostilities.
History of the Act
On 20 October 1939, a decade after the Scullin government abolished universal military training, and some six weeks after Australia had entered World War II, Prime Minister Robert Menzies issued a press statement announcing the reintroduction of compulsory military training with effect from 1 January 1940. The arrangements required unmarried men turning 21 in the call up period to undertake three months training with the Militia. Under the Defence Act (1903), they could not be compelled to serve outside Australia or its territories. For this purpose, a separate, volunteer force, the Second Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was raised for service overseas.
There are four types of defenders: centre-back, sweeper, full-back, and wing-back. The centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations.
A centre-back (also known as a central defender or centre-half) defends in the area directly in front of the goal, and tries to prevent opposing players, particularly centre-forwards, from scoring. Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, tackling, intercepting passes, contesting headers and marking forwards to discourage the opposing team from passing to them.
With the ball, centre-backs are generally expected to make short and simple passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defender's goal.
So how exactly does the skin organize its defences against such an array of threats?. A new Yale study shows that the epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, is comprised of an army of immune cells that station themselves at regular intervals across the skin’s vast expanse to resist infection.
>. Champions League-chasing Liverpool face Southampton in the late match, kick off at 8pm. Jurgen Klopp says Mohamed Salah 'is an even better person than he is a player' ... Here be Southampton ... The thought of Liverpool’s title defence ending up outside in the top four really would be ignominious and worthy of study many decades in the future ... 1 ... 2.
Steve Aiken had to navigate difficult waters from the moment he took charge of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) ... Now, the 58-year-old has confirmed he will step down as UUP leader. Submarines to Stormont ... He completed a degree in defence studies at King's CollegeLondon before pursuing further qualifications at Cambridge ... Centenary week ... .
And it's part of our maturing relationship," Ms Mahuta said in an interview with Reuters ... Ms�Mahuta said she stood by her comments ... "There is clearly a need for a coherent foreign policy line coming out from New Zealand," said Ms�Anna Powles, senior lecturer at the Centre for Defence and Security Studies at Massey University ... More on this topic. � ....
Read full article. FP Trending7 May 2021, 12.54 pm183;2-min read ... Aspirants, who are law graduates, can apply by visiting the official portal joinindianarmy.nic.in ... Step 1 ... All those who complete the Pre-Commission training will be granted a 'Post GraduateDiploma in Defence and Strategic Studies' by the University of Madras.Story continues ... .
read more ... And it's part of our maturing relationship," Mahuta said in an interview with Reuters ... Mahuta said she stood by her comments ... "There is clearly a need for a coherent foreign policy line coming out from New Zealand," said Anna Powles, senior lecturer at the Centre for Defence and Security Studies at Massey University ... ....
The key question is not whether Keir Starmer’s party wins or loses the by-election but how it does ... It isn’t, for example, about whether Labour holds or loses Hartlepool, but how ... It is in the interests of anyone hoping to mount a defence or criticism of any of the party leaders to study the trends and know exactly what they’re dealing with first ... .
The key question is not whether Keir Starmer’s party wins or loses the by-election, but how ... [see also. Why even a narrow win in Hartlepool would not bode well for Labour ] ... It is in the interests of anyone hoping to mount a defence or criticism of any of the party leaders to study the trends and know exactly what they’re dealing with first. [see also.
Defence analysts at the IISS have told The National the ...Satellite pictures show the missile canisters recessed in a steep mountainside “pointing very consistently” to “large swathes of Saudi -- to potentially Riyadh,” said IISS defence analyst Joe Dempsey, who led the study.
Studies such as this have convinced the psychologist Sonja Lyubomirsky that only about 10 per cent of our individual happiness is determined by life events ... Crucially, studies have suggested that when people experience a sense of existential threat, nostalgia can act as a psychological defence, by giving people a sense of meaning and purpose.